Garden Aloes

Madagascan Aloes

Here is a list of 9 Madagascan Aloes that grow in one or more of the following places: madagascar, mauritius, réunion, comoros, seychelles

Aloe acutissima

The species name means 'very acutely pointed.' This plant grows up to 4000 feet in elevation close to Toliara near the south west coast of Madagascar to Fianarantsoa closer to the center of the island, where it grows on rocks and shallow soils. read more

Aloe betsileensis

Aloe betsileensis comes from a wide area of the south-central highlands of Madagascar, where it can be found growing on rocky slopes between 2,500 and 4,600 feet in elevation. It was named by the French botanist most commonly associated with the flora of Madagascar, Joseph Marie Henry Alfred Perrier de la Bâthie (1873-1958) in 1926 with the name coming from the Betsileo, the region and name of of the highland ethnic group of Madagascar. read more

Aloe capitata var. quartziticola

In its native Central Highlands of Madagascar, Aloe capitata var. quartziticola grows on quartzite at altitudes of up to 1600 m (over 5,000 ft.). read more

Aloe conifera

Aloe conifera is a species endemic to Madagascar. A. conifera is closely related to A. betsileensis, a larger plant whose flowers are unscented. read more

Aloe deltoideodonta

This stemless or short-stemmed Aloe from rocky slopes from 2,100 to 2,600 feet elevation in the mountainous Fianarantsoa province of southern central Madagascar. The species comes from rocky sandstone hills at around 3,300 feet in elevation in southwest Madagascar. The name 'deltoideodonta' means 'triangular teeth' in reference to the shape of the teeth on the leaf margin and the variety name 'candicans' meaning 'whitish' (or becoming white) is likely in reference to the flower color which fades to near white. Aloe deltoideodonta variety candicans is also frequently assigned to this plant, but it does NOT have lineated leaves. read more

Aloe helenae

This plant is endemic to the Fort Dauphin region in the extreme south-west of the Toliara Province of Madagascar, where only two or three very small populations are known to occur in thorny bush along sandy shores. The plant's name honors Helen Decary, the wife of Raymond Decary, a French financial administrator and 20th century botanist in Madagascar. It is estimated that there are around 200 – 500 Vahondrandras in the wild and that its population may be dwindling. Aloe helenae is considered critically endangered. The biggest threat to the survival of Vahondrandra is the destruction of its habitat, which is being cleared for agriculture and mining. While the Vahondranda may not survive in the wild for much longer, there are a few living plants in botanic gardens around the world. Also, Vahondradra is occasionally being sold for private cultivation, but is still quite rare both in its natural habitat and in other parts of the world. read more

Aloe suzannae

This aloe is endemic to Madagascar, occurring in the dryer south and south-west of the island (Ambosary and Itampolo). Here it grows in sandy soil near the coast, or among rocks. It is considered critically endangered with very few adult individuals known in each subpopulation and no evidence of regeneration. The few plants in botanical gardens were collected more than 50 years ago. French naturalist Raymond Decary (1891-1973) who lived and worked much of his life in Madagascar named this plant in 1921 after his daughter Suzanne. read more

Aloe vaombe

This large Aloe comes from Southern Madagascar (Toliara Province) where it grows in dry thorny scrub on limestone soils. The specific epithet comes from the indigenous name 'vahombre'. Also known as Malagasy Tree Aloe. read more

Aloe vaotsanda

This imposing Madagascan aloe not only sounds like A. vaombe but also shares several features with it as well. Both form large solitary rosettes up to 1.5 m across of recurved leaves atop a trunk reaching 4 m or more. In fact, the two are so similar as to be indistinguishable when not in flower. In flower they are quite distinctive, the racemes of A. vaombe being erect, those of A. vaotsanda with an unusual drooping aspect in bud, then oblique at anthesis. read more

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